The Typical Biomass Pelleting Plant with Annual Output of 40,000 T
——-preliminary project design

The Typical Biomass Pelleting Plant Design

1. Introduction
2. Processing Procedure
3. Wood Pellet Machines List
4. Wood Pellet Factory Layout
5. Staffing
6. Investment Amount
7. Economic Analysis

Azeus wood pellet plant

1. Introduction
1.1 The Introduction of Biomass Pellet
Biomass pellet is a kind of clean fuel which is made of various agro-waste and forestry residue such as stalks, sawdust, etc. Biomass pellet is an ideal substitute for traditional energy like coal, diesel and natural gas. The main processing procedure includes crushing, drying, mixing with additives and pressing.

1.2 Technical Parameter and Advantages of Bio-pellets
(1) Price advantage
Bio pellets have a price advantage over petro products. Here is a chart of the comparison of fuel cost of them.
Fuel Cost Ratio—- Biomass pellet: Heavy oil: Natural gas: Diesel=1:1.26:1.45:1.84
(2) Policy advantage
The development of biomass pellet fuel complies with requirement of energy policy.
(3)Technical advantage
Our company has technical expertise in biomass pellet mill equipment.
a. Sawdust rotary drum dryer, featured with large capacity, low energy consumption and low investment.
b. Wood pellet mill: various models; Driven by gear, so that the output is improved by about 20% when compared with that of belt drive.
c. Automatic biopellet packing machine: adopts highly intelligent control system,with stable performance and high precision.

1.3  Pellet Plant Project Size
The proper project size is to produce an annual output of 40,000 tons of biomass pellets. This biomass pellet production plant is composed with 4 production lines and each line has an annual production of 10,000 tons. The production time is 20 hours per day and 11 months per year; and the capacity is 120t/day.

1.4 The pellet mill equipment and workshop area
Each production line is equipped with a set of biomass pellet mill and other auxiliary equipment; the workshop area is about 3,000m2.

2. Processing Procedure
The whole biomass pellets processing includes crushing, grinding, draying, mixing, material transporting, extrusion forming, cooling, quality testing, packaging, warehousing of acceptable finished products and selling. Here is the schematic layout of a typical biomass pelleting plant.

wood pellet plant

3. Biomass Pellet Machines List
1. Belt Conveyor
2. Rotary Screen
3. Screw Conveyor
4. Rotary Dryer
5. Feeding Screw Conveyor
6. Buffer Bin
7. Sub-feed Screw Conveyor
8. Variable Speed Feeding Screw Conveyor
9. Discharging Belt
10. Cooling Dryer
11. Pellets Surge Bin
12. Packaging Scale
13. Air Conveying System for Material Reverting
14. Cyclone Dust Collector
15. Biomass Pellet Mill
16. Electronic Control System
17. Mobile Belt
(Note: If some material is of large size, the crushing machine, grinding machine and transfer bin are necessary.)
The bio pellets production flow is as following:

pellet mill machinery

4. Factory Layout
The factory area is about 5,000 m2 including the floor space of workshop area and other supporting building. The workshop area is about 3,000 m2.

 wood pellet plant design

biomass pellet plant

 sawdust for making biomass pellets

biomass pellets

5. Staffing
There should be 30 workers, 6 management person, 2 salesperson in the plant for the production and selling of biomass pellets.
The biomass pellets plant is running on two-shift or three-shift.

6. Investment Amount
The total investment amount is about USD0.73million, including the rent of factory, training cost and after-sale cost.

7. Economic Analysis
7.1 Annual Turnover: 40,000t*$161.9/t=$6.476million (The price is $161.9/t.)
7.2 Production Cost:
7.2.1 Sawdust Cost: $56.67/t
7.2.2 Electric Charge: $12.95/t
7.2.3 Salary: $3.24/t
7.2.4 Fuel Cost: $5.67/t
7.2.5 Depreciation Cost: $5.67/t
7.2.6 Cost of quick-wear parts: $4.86/t
7.2.7 Operating Cost: $16.19/t
7.2.7 Tax: $8.10/t
7.3 Annual Profit: 40,000t*($161.9-$113.35) =$1.942millon
7.4 Investment Recovery Period: 5 months (the price is $161.9/t); 7months (the price is $145.71/t)